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  • Discrimination between smiling faces: Human observers vs. automated face analysis

    Gated

    Abstract: This study investigated (a) how prototypical happy faces (with happy eyes and a smile) can be discriminated from blended expressions with a smile but non-happy eyes, depending on type and intensity of the eye expression; and (b) how smile discrimination differs for human perceivers versus automated face analysis, depending on affective valence and morphological facial […]

  • How Does Food Taste in Anorexia and Bulimia Nervosa? A Protocol for a Quasi-Experimental, Cross-Sectional Design to Investigate Taste Aversion or Increased Hedonic Valence of Food in Eating Disorders

    Gated

    Background: Despite on-going efforts to better understand dysregulated eating, the olfactory-gustatory deficits and food preferences in eating disorders (ED), and the mechanisms underlying the perception of and responses to food properties in anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN) remain largely unknown; both during the course of the illness and compared to healthy populations. It is, […]

  • Toward A Companion Robot Fostering Perseverance in Math: A Pilot Study

    Gated

    Abstract: Challenging math problems without immediate solutions often invite students to ride an “emotional roller-coaster” through episodes of confusion, frustration, surprise and joy. Those problem solving experiences provide rich opportunities to cultivate mathematical perseverance, the mentality to forge ahead in face of ambiguity or difficulty. An ideal teacher closely monitors the problem solving process and […]

  • A Test of the Rapid Formation of Design Cues for Product Body Shapes and Features

    Gated

    Abstract: Consumers often use a product’s visual design as a mental shortcut to judge its unobservable attributes. Mental associations between visual design and unobservable attributes aid consumers in their judgments, and hypothetically reduce consumers’ mental load. This paper describes a study that shows the possibility of quickly creating an association in subjects’ minds between a […]

  • Emotion recognition for semi-autonomous vehicles framework

    Gated

    Abstract: The human being in his blessed curiosity has always wondered how to make machines feel, and, at the same time how a machine can detect emotions. Perhaps some of the tasks that cannot be replaced by machines are the ability of human beings to feel emotions. In the last year, this hypothesis is increasingly […]

  • A Classification Model for Sensing Human Trust in Machines Using EEG and GSR

    Gated

    Abstract: Today, intelligent machines interact and collaborate with humans in a way that demands a greater level of trust between human and machine. A first step towards building intelligent machines that are capable of building and maintaining trust with humans is the design of a sensor that will enable machines to estimate human trust level […]

  • How Does Prior Knowledge Influence Eye Fixations and Sequences of Cognitive and Metacognitive SRL Processes during Learning with an Intelligent Tutoring System?

    Gated

    Abstract: The goal of this study was to use eye-tracking and log-file data to investigate the impact of prior knowledge on college students’ (N = 194, with a subset of n = 30 for eye tracking and sequence mining analyses) fixations on (i.e., looking at) self-regulated learning-related areas of interest (i.e., specific locations on the interface) and on the sequences of […]

  • Frontal Brain Asymmetry and Willingness to Pay

    Gated

    Abstract: Consumers frequently make decisions about how much they are willing to pay (WTP) for specific products and services, but little is known about the neural mechanisms underlying such calculations. In this study, we were interested in testing whether specific brain activation—the asymmetry in engagement of the prefrontal cortex—would be related to consumer choice. Subjects […]

  • Visual Attention Mechanisms in Happiness vs. Trustworthiness Processing of Facial Expressions

    Gated

    Abstract: A happy facial expression makes a person look (more) trustworthy. Do perceptions of happiness and trustworthiness rely on the same face regions and visual attention processes? In an eye-tracking study, eye movements and fixations were recorded while participants judged the un/happiness or the un/trustworthiness of dynamic facial expressions in which the eyes and/or the […]

  • Psychopathic Men: Deficits in General Mental Ability, Not Emotion Perception

    Gated

    Abstract: Psychopathy is characteristically associated with deficits in emotion perception; however, findings surrounding this deficit are actually quite mixed. This is most likely due to limitations of study methodology, including the use of tasks with unknown or poor psychometric properties, underpowered samples, and a lack of control for third variables. We present a study that […]

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