New discoveries and advances in science have always followed on the heels of technological breakthroughs – having the best equipment not only allows new ways of looking at things, but often makes it easier to complete as well.
This is seen today in several fields, and particularly within human behavioral research, where a new multi-sensor approach is providing more data to the understanding of how we experience and interact with the world.
Biometric research – the approach that utilizes several discrete measurements of bodily signals, gives a more holistic understanding of how we think, feel, and act. While the singular hardware devices themselves often have origins that date back some time, the integration of these disparate devices is a new approach that has shifted the focus from single-sensor studies, to wide-ranging and diversified research.
The next step for research
One of the best ways for a university to increase their human behavior research (which could encompass a wide-range of academic disciplines, from psychology or marketing, to design or user experience, and well beyond), is to build a platform for biometric research to flourish. These cutting-edge facilities are popping up worldwide, giving researchers the opportunity to quickly understand humans in new and more incisive ways.
A cutting-edge research lab can do more than just help human behavior research – having a central high-tech research hub for a university will put it on the map, and let other universities know that they are front-runners for front-running research.
Once a lab is established, standing out as a top research lab means that it’s easier to acquire more funding, and attract more world-class academics to join your vision of research. All of this combines to accelerate the reach and power of the capabilities, and thus findings, of the investigations taking place.
How to make it happen
To facilitate the opening of new labs, iMotions has helped several institutions by providing guidance, assistance, and technical know-how every step of the way. Having the exact information and knowledge to guide the setup of these labs has resulted in several universities becoming key players in the biometric research world, some of which we will discuss more below.
Of course, it’s always easier said than done to set up a large-scale lab for human behavior testing, and a tremendous amount of work is often required. To make this process that little bit easier, we want to help you every step of the way, so here’s some advice to help you get started.
Step 1. Set your research question
Before you begin, it’s of course crucial to know what you want to test, and how you want to test it. For biometric research, the flexibility and portability of the tools allows investigations to be centered around a huge amount of subjects – from neuropsychological testing, to market research, group interaction, and beyond.
Often with biometric research, the only limit is the tools at your disposal – underlining the importance of creating a large experimental space. Once you have your research question, you can begin to design the experiment in proper detail (and of course, we have a guide for that). The next step follows on from this.
Step 2. Know your equipment
From your research question, you should know what needs to be tested, so defining the equipment from this shouldn’t present too much of a challenge. If you want to test brain activity, then EEG will suit you best, while emotional response is best covered by facial expression analysis. Tests of physiological arousal are closely tracked by GSR, or ECG devices. There are more possibilities than this, and precisely how you measure things will depend on your exact research question.
Step 3. Collaborate!
Strength lies in numbers – by forming connections and collaborations across departments and universities, you will be able to strengthen both the design and execution of your research. Having multiple people contributing ideas, knowledge, and possibly even equipment, means that you’re more likely to complete your research goals.
Having multiple experts in a particular metric (EEG, for example), means that dealing with the details and troubleshooting is more likely to completed successfully. But above all, one thing that strong collaboration helps the most with is the next step.
Step 4. Secure funding
This is perhaps the most important and difficult step of the process, yet one that requires each of the prior actions, at least to some degree. With principal investigators spending 116 hours on average on each proposal, this can take some time. With the number of applications sent in being correlated to the amount of success, it can however just be a matter of perseverance!
With a clear research question, properly defined equipment needs, a strong collaboration, and a persevering approach to funding, you’re on the right path to setting up your very own large-scale behavioral investigations lab. Now you just need to think of a name for it, before taking on the most enjoyable step of all.
Step 5. Begin research
With the funding secured, your collaborators happy, and experiments planned, the only thing left to do is to make the most of it and carry out your ground-breaking research. Publishing and continued collaboration across different departments and universities will empower you to expand ever more.
Feeling ready to get going with your research? Read on to find out about two new labs that have cemented their position as research leaders, by developing new facilities for biometric research with the help of iMotions.
Luleå University of Technology, Sweden
North of the Arctic Circle, Luleå University opened a new chapter of research with their inauguration of the DEPICT lab – a cutting-edge research facility devoted to increasing investigations into human experiences within technology development, health, marketing, and more. Using both the platform, and direct help from iMotions, Luleå University places itself as a leader of human behavior research.
Camilla Grane, Bjarne Bergquist, and Peter Törlind have led the new endeavor, setting up the interdisciplinary lab space to not only increase the reach of their own work, but also of others, by encouraging other researchers to take advantage of the equipment and setup.
Within the DEPICT lab, experiments are now possible with biometric sensors to measure brain activity (with EEG), attention (with eye tracking), emotions (with facial expression analysis), and physiological arousal (with ECG and GSR measurements). Each sensor provides a new and different layer of data for investigation.
With the use of biometrics, Peter Törling is advancing understanding of group decision-making, brainstorming, and how to encourage effective creativity within such settings. Bjarne Bergquist’s and Camilla Grane examine the tools we use them in separate and distinct ways, but both seek to ultimately improve them – with railways systems, and driving respectively (among other scenarios).
The lab was inaugurated on the 24th of April, 2017, drawing interest and attention from multiple academic departments that are keen to see how biometric research can help augment and advance the work within their own fields.
Texas A&M University, USA
At the beginning of March, Texas A&M started their new venture into deeper interrogations of human behavior, with their Human Behavior Lab. By using and combining a range of biometric sensors, the researchers aim to be “catapulting Texas A&M social sciences forward.” By using iMotions they are now able to carry out research that wasn’t possible before, and to take on new challenges in the field of human behavior research.
As director of the lab, Dr. Marco A. Palma has led the efforts to bring cutting-edge biometric research to the Lone Star State. Research into decision-making processes is at the heart of the efforts in the understanding of human behavior, with key fields of interest ranging from agricultural economics and marketing, to computer science, and political science.
The approach of biometric research allows insight into many fields, as reflected by the diversity of the associated subjects. By having a central hub to associate with, the research capacities of many departments is quickly and readily amplified.
University of Nebraska, Omaha, USA
At the Jack & Stephanie Koraleski Commerce and Applied Behavioral Laboratory, established in October, 2014, researchers have been engaging in multimodal biometric research. With research topics spanning studies of entrepreneurial insight, to complex problem solving, and investigations of social media for extremist propaganda, the scientists at Omaha have been uncovering complex questions related to human behavior.
With the help of iMotions, the University of Nebraska now carries out research with a range of biometric sensors, allowing the researchers to peer deeper into the underlying neurophysiological factors that determine thoughts and decisions.
By using a biometric approach, the researchers have set themselves apart, noting how the “combination of technologies is rare among business schools.” By providing access to academic researchers, commercial business, and the nonprofit community, they have brought together a wide range of partners to collaborate and co-operate with. Watch the video below to see more about the lab opening, and the primary research interests.
I hope you’ve enjoyed reading about how to develop your own research lab, and some examples of this already in action. To get inspired and learn more, download our guide to human behavior research – a free, huge, comprehensive guide available below.