Efficiency is a key driver of progress. Being able to spend less time completing tasks means that there is more time to do other things (or more time to do nothing!). So it is with many fields of work, not least among them in academia.

Efficiency can be a difficult thing to define, but it broadly means that something is completed with an impactful output, while expending as little as possible.

At iMotions we are great believers of, and advocates for, improving academic efficiency. We have therefore collected data to set out to find the #1 Biometric Publishing University in Each State by ranking top universities in each state based on our definition of academic efficiency.

How We Calculated Academic Efficiency

One of the strongest predictors of scientific output is publication counts. Of course, the frequency from field to field is highly variable, yet as a general measure it is perhaps the closest proxy available.

So if publications are what academics produce, what do they expend? Research is primarily driven by funding, but also of course by the academic staff, and the number of students at an institution.

We therefore collected data on the total number of publications produced (found through Web of Science, from 1975) that used biometric methods (eye tracking, facial expression analysis, GSR, EEG, etc.) along with these parameters:

  • Budget Rank
    The yearly budget for every university in the United States (where available) was compared with the number of peer-reviewed research articles within the area of biometric research. The rankings were higher for a higher number of publications relative to the budget.
  • Academic Staff Rank
    The number of academic staff at each university (again, where such numbers were available) was compared with the number of peer-reviewed research articles within the area of biometric research. Similar to the Budget Rank, the rankings were higher when a higher number of scientific articles were produced, relative to the number of academic staff.
  • Enrolment Rank
    The number of undergraduate students at each university was compared with the number of peer-reviewed research articles within the area of biometric research. Less students relative to more publications equalled a higher rank.

The Results

By combining the numbers above, we were also able to create a total combined ranking that informs us about the relative efficiency of each university when it comes to publishing biometric research articles.

Below we have also created a visual representation of each state’s winner which you are free to share on your news section or blog (providing link citation).

 university map US ranking efficiency

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Rankings

Total score (furthest right column) refers to the sum of the university’s rank for each metric (publication number relative to budget, amount of academic staff, and number of students).

Example: Harvard is ranked 2nd for number of publications relative to budget, and 1st for publication number relative to academic staff number, and 1st in enrolment number (2 + 1 + 1 = 4).

 

university map ranking state US

Click here for full size

 

In Graphs

The rankings are also shown in the graphs below.

money publication cost university us

Above: Ranking of universities by the university budget (in US dollars) relative to the total number of publications produced.

research staff to publications universities

Above: Ranking of universities by the number of academic staff relative to the total number of publications produced.

students enrolled publications universities

Above: Ranking of universities by the number of enrolled students relative to the total number of publications produced.

 

I hope you’ve enjoyed reading about biometric research efficiency, and feel inspired to bring biometric research to your university! If you’d like to learn more about how iMotions can help increase your research output, get in touch. If you’d like to learn more about the ways in which biometric methods can help in the understanding of human behavior. then download our free guide below.

 
Human Behavior Pocket Guide Insert